Daily Bolus of LR: Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E

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December 9, 2011 by dailybolusoflr

Hepatitis A and E infection both present with acute viral hepatitis, which may include the following:

* Jaundice

* Hepatomegaly

* Nausea and vomiting

* Fever

Hepatitis A

* Is caused by the hepatitis A virus

* Incubation period about 28 days

* Fecal-oral transmission

* Self limited disease

* Presentation in over 80% of adults is that of acute viral hepatitis, while in children typically have either asymptomatic or unrecognized infection

* Rare liver failure: Less than 1%

* About 15% might have relapse in the first 6 months, but typically lifelong antibodies protect from re-infection

* There is a vaccine available

Hepatitis E

* Is caused by the hepatitis A virus

* Incubation period 15-60 days

* Fecal-oral transmission, usually by contaminated water in poorly developed areas with poor sanitation

* Self limited disease

* Rare mortality except in pregnancy

* There is a no vaccine available

Ref: www.cdc.gov<http://www.cdc.gov> and www.who.int<http://www.who.int>

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